Thursday, June 27, 2013

Recent Mushrooms - late June 2013

Fried Chicken Mushroom - Lyophyllum decastes group


"Distinctive" features: growth in dense clusters, habitat of disturbed ground, white spore print.  I think it's one I'd like to try at some point, but only after further study.

Spectacular Rustgill - Gymnopilus junonius

Bright rusty-orange spore print.  At first I thought they were a species of Pholiota because the caps were somewhat scaly.  But the spore print made me change my mind, and scales are mentioned in most descriptions, these just featured them more prominently than I'm used to with this mushroom

This particular patch was also much oranger than I've usually seen, maybe because of all the heavy rain we've had.  But notice the smaller, yellow mushroom growing on the top, left face of the log.  It has the appearance of G. junonius growing under dryer conditions.  It was smaller than most of the rest of the group, and the veil was still covering the gills, so it probably sprouted a few days later.  Or could it be another species.

A long with being an impressive mushroom visually, G. junonius often has a very distinct almond extract smell.  This patch was particularly fragrant.

Witch's Margarine - Ductifera pululahuana

Saturday, June 22, 2013

Recent Mushrooms - mid June, part II

Lawn Mower's Mushroom - Panaeolus foenisecii

As it dries out, the cap of this mushroom will begin to change color to lighter shades of brown.  The gills have a mottled appearance (and neither of these features is shown in my photo).

Spectacular Rustgill - Gymnopilus cf. junonius


The color in the picture is a bit off, these were definitely on the orange side of things.  The odor is distinctly almond-like.  I think there are other similar species, but this is the one usually featured in field guides (but usually with the name scientific name G. spectabilis, and the moniker Laughing Gym in reference to its occasional hallucinogenic properties).

Platterful Mushroom - Megacollybia rodmani?  

I'm fairly certain of the id.  The picture is a bit overexposed; the cap was browner (no bug spray and lots of mosquitos make for poor photography).

Stalked Scarlet Cup - Sarcosypha occidentalis

Carbon Antlers - Xylaria sp

These will become black and crusty looking later in the summer.  The white is a powdery coating of conidia, or asexual spores.  The later black, crusty stage is the sexual spore producing stage.

Common Split Gill - Schizophyllum commune




Thursday, June 20, 2013

White-dotted Prominent

White-dotted Prominent, Nadata gibbosa in the family Notodontidae.  A relatively common moth of oak woodlands. 

Saturday, June 15, 2013

Recent Mushrooms - Mid June 2013

 Gypsy Mushroom - Cortinarius caperatus?

The overall appearance of this mushroom matches that of C. caperatus very closely:

  • brownish knobbed cap with wrinkles.  A whitish bloom is often noted that was absent on these mushrooms, probably washed off with the heavy rain fall.
  • brown gills
  • stem with a ring, rougher texture near the top.
However the habitat and season of the mushrooms pictured here didn't match exactly.  C. caperatus is usually described as woodland species and mycorrhizal with various trees.  These were growing at the base of a River Birch that had been planted last year in a newly landscaped area.  The season listed is summer to fall, so it seems a little early, but than again we've been having cooler than normal weather, so maybe to the mushroom it seems like summer is already ending and fall beginning.   But these habitat and season preferences are general enough that I'm pretty confident, based on physical features that these are Gypsy Mushrooms.


Surfy Twiglet - Tubaria furfuracea

A small brown mushroom of woody debris.  It usually features bits of white tissue along the margins of the cap.
The Roger's Mushrooms website (which has a cool pictorial key) also gives the german name, 
Sch├╝ppchen-Trompetenschnitzling, which seems like an excessively long name for such a small mushroom.

Wine Cap -  Stopharia rugosoannulata



Leathery-veil Bolete - Paragyrodon spaerosporus

Smooth Volvariella - Volvariella speciosa


Agrocybe praecox species cluster

Growing everywhere this spring.

Orange Mycena - Mycena leaiana

Unknown Mushrooms

Growing in some sparse wood chips alongside a warehouse in North Minneapolis.  Maybe bleached out Agrocybes?



Monday, June 10, 2013

Recent Mushrooms - early June 2013 part II


Shaggy Mane - Coprinus comatus

Sara and I found this mushroom while on a walk yesterday.  It was alone but very stately in appearance.

Scaly Inky Cap - Coprinus variegata

The individual pictured was a part of a larger clump growing out the top of a willow stump.
The clump above (and a few more like it) were smaller than the ones pictured above.  They were growing from base and among the exposed roots of a basswood cultivar growing along the boulevard, which is a slightly diiferent habitat than reported in guides.

Unknown coprinoid mushroom

 Resembles the Woolly-stalked Coprinus, Coprinopsis lagopus.  The woolliness is on the cap and stalk (in pictures it can be pretty shaggy) when fresh, but can wear off.  These appear a bit more browner than most descriptions.  They were growing in wood chips.

Sorry, I lost the second half of this post somehow, maybe it'll show up later in the month.

Friday, June 7, 2013

Recent Mushrooms - early June 2013 part I

Early June seems to be filled with lots of smallish, non-descript mushrooms (watchers?) in the Twin Cities area.  Part one will be the really plain ones.  Part II will feature a number of Inky Caps, plus some of the stand outs.  I've divided the post up by spore print color for future reference.

Spring Agrocybe - Agrocybe praecox species cluster - dark brown spore print



Unknown mushrooms - dark brown spore print

The whitish material along the margin of the cap are remnants of the tissue the covered the gills before the cap fully opened (called a partial veil).  A lot of species in the genus Psathyrella show this feature.  They were also pretty tough, becoming even tougher upon drying.  Mushrooms in the genus Psathyrella tend to be fragile.  Maybe a species of Psilocybe.  Though the genus name, Psilocybe, refers to the lack of a veil on the cap.  Plus no blue staining which many species show.   
They were growing in wood chips in the front lawn of a duplex down the street.  I brought Adele with to photograph them.  A guy poking around your yard with a kid looks fairly harmless; a guy by himself poking around your yard looks (with a camera) looks really suspicious. 


Entoloma sp? - Pinkish Brown spore print

Growth on the ground and gills attached to the stem separate mushrooms in the genus Entoloma from another pink-spored genus, Pluteus.

Unknown Mushroom - White spore print



Unknown mushroom - no spore print obtained

These mushrooms have been in wood chips for about a week, without the caps opening.  The gills, which are a gray-tinged whites are covered by a thick, fleshy veil.  A species of Stopharia perhaps?
These two were growing nearby.  The same mushroom, just well aged, or a different species?

Lesson for the day - quality, not quantity; too many mushrooms, too few field notes.

Sunday, June 2, 2013

Recent Mushrooms - late May 2013 part II

 Velvet Foot - Flammulina velutipes

Yellow Bolbitius - Bolbitius vitellinus


Spring Agrocybe - Agrocybe praecox species cluster

Yellow Morel - Morchella sp.


Mycena sp.

White spore print, small size, bell-shaped cap, stalk that isn't tough or wiry.

Inky Caps - Coprinopsis atramentaria


Gymnopilus sp. ?

Growing a well decayed hardwood branch, orangish-brown spores, cap unadorned, but with a slightly "textured" look, gills the same color as the cap, stem without ant obvious ring zone.  Didn't note odor or taste.  Another possible genus is Pholiota.  Maybe I can find the spore print I made and at the spores under a microscope for more evidence.

Dead Man's Fingers - Xylaria sp.


Unknown mushrooms

No details noted, other than I've seen similar mushrooms growing in the same area (scrubby woods with looks of young Box Elders and Elm stumps) in the past.