Tuesday, December 13, 2011

White Spots on Trees

Recently I've been noticing the various white spots found on the bark of trees.  Many of these spots are actually crustose lichens of one sort or another, growing within the upper bark tissue.
Many of these white, splotchy, bark dwelling lichens sport various black spots or squiggles (apothecia in various shapes).  These features can aid in identification, but ultimately it seems that a microscope is needed to make any kind of exact identification.
To make identification more difficult, there are also unlichenized fungi that look very similar growing on the bark of the trees
I suppose they aren't much to look at, but they do add a bit of contrast to the woods, especially this time of year in Minnesota.  But what I think is interesting is that they are fairly common and easily seen, but largely unknown to most of us.

 

3 comments:

  1. Good stuff, maybe you can help us identify some mushrooms we found on our hike today.

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  2. Beautiful! Looks like Graphis scripta or a similar species. I've been obsessed with those since I learned about them!

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    1. Thanks for the comment. It does very much resemble Graphis scripta, but didn't quite match when I looked it up in "The Lichens of North America". There are a number of other similar genera (Arthonia, Buellia, Conotrema, etc). Whatever their identity I agree that they are beautiful. I went through a big obession with white crustose lichens on trees this past fall!

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